We’ve had a great couple of days at SMX London – here’s what we learnt from the Paid Search track from day 1 and the SMX Advanced track from day 2!
Ecommerce advertising has changed quite a bit recently: Google Shopping transitioned from free to paid last month in the UK, and Google have just announced that they’re getting rid of product extensions. That means having product listing ads is more important for ecommerce.
Having a PLA ad group set for ‘all products’ with a really low bid has got them good results – it can be a good way to turn up in searches no one else is appearing on.
There doesn’t seem to be a true quality score for PLAs, but CTR is a factor to whether they get seen or not. Improve CTR with negative keywords. Also check your feed – you may be using low quality information.
If eBay and Amazon are competing then CPC for a product listing ads can be higher than for a regular ad. You may have to take a hit on costs to appear at first, but you may be able to claw back CPC as you build performance history.
PLAs don’t always improve your CTR – you’ve got to test them. It’s rare that they don’t add advantage, but the cost could be prohibitive.
If you have multiple prices, for example from multipacks or excluding VAT, AdWords may pick the wrong price to show. You may have to manually manipulate the price in your feed.
Use tracking URLs to track PLA performance in Analytics.
Enhanced campaigns mean we can’t have separate tablet bids or keyword level mobile bids – but people might use conversion optimiser (CPA bidding) to get around this.
You can automate structures, bid management, optimisation and reporting using AdWords Scripts.
There is Google Docs integration. That means you can push data into spreadsheets to make automated reports or charts. You can also pull in information from a Google Doc – and Google Docs can pull in information themselves that you can then use.
He used Scripts to put a countdown in ads, which updated hourly. The increase in CTR and QS meant he doubled the number of clicks he got for his budget.
He also used a script for a dating site, so that different ad text showed according to the weather – the day’s weather forecast was pulled into Google Docs from Wunderground.
The Display Network is sort of like a newsstand. You can find anything, but you want to be in the right area, section & page.
Once you’ve found the perfect placement, own the page with both text and image ads. Make image ads to complement the placement’s colour scheme, and use appropriate language.
Use keyword targeting as a ‘seed campaign’ to find good placements and to get on one-off pages.
When targeting with keywords, have tightly themed ad groups. Be specific with 2 or 3 word terms, as you only have broad match available.
Once you’ve found the perfect page, you can throw the Google Keyword Tool at that page and target those keywords too.
Don’t use more than 50 negative keywords, or Google won’t pay attention to all of them.
‘Fine tune the hell’ out of managed placements. Specify a site and then use keywords to turn up on certain subjects.
Don’t use topics as a standalone targeting technique. They are useful as negatives and for picking out sections of large placements.
Keep graphical ads in separate ad groups to text ads
Use AdGooroo for competitor research on the Display Network
Use MixRank to find competitor image ads and placements
Play ‘king of the hill’ – create a campaign targeting competitor placements, with high bids to push their ads out, for 3 days. Then you will have performance data so you can tell which placements work for you, and they probably won’t be able to tell what happened because of the short timeframe.
Don’t remove content from your mobile site, but don’t keep masses of text or huge pictures that won’t work well on mobile devices. Tailor your content to mobile.
Page speed matters: he’s seen a 22% improvement in conversion rate by moving to better servers and getting faster load speeds.
Look at what content your mobile visitors use, compared to desktop users. “I promise it is different”
There are attributes like creative, offer, placement and time of day which could be the driving force of an ad’s success: see which is correlated with revenue.
Use remarketing list for search ads for people from non-paid traffic. Group people by traffic source, so for example you can use a landing page with Pinterest style images for someone who previously came to your site from Pinterest
Not all targeting is created equal, and not all sources are going to convert equally well.
You want to draw qualified customers into a sales funnel, and if they leave then bring them back in at the right stage.
Create content to position yourself as thought leader, to create a good first impression.
Use psychographic targeting: figure out your customers’ personas and target them, then see how they perform against different pages.
To find psychographic information use display advertising with age targeting, and see how the different age groups use your site.
Don’t forget the fundamental tenets of sales – create rapport, be likeable, be an expert, actively listen, understand their motivation.
“The best conversion optimisation is a product that doesn’t suck”
There was some debate about enhanced campaigns. George says you should upgrade a few campaigns to get used to the new features and interface – don’t try to tackle it all at once.
Conversely Matt says that Google is still “making it up” – since the initial announcement they’ve added ad group level mobile bids and moved the deadline. He says you should put off enhancing for as long as possible in case it changes again.
Ann Stanley agreed, saying that as Google made a U-turn on ad rotation settings they may still allow separate mobile campaigns. If they do, any time spent now merging mobile and desktop campaigns would be wasted.
Manny is worried about rolling tablet and desktop together as he’s seen widely different conversion rates – they may be trending together but they’re not the same at the moment.
Where should you start? A lot of people say you should just jump in. But you can avoid trial and error if you find what your competitors are doing, avoid their mistakes and build from their successes.
Use SimilarSites – it’s actually a recommendation engine but you can use it to find your real competitors.
If several competitors bid on a keyword, then they’re probably on to something.
If there’s an obvious keyword for you think it looks good, but none of your competitors are bidding on it, then there’s a reason.
Do all of your research with exact match – close but different searches convert differently, and Google Keyword Tool is a salesman. You need to accurately compare keywords without overlap.
Use Merge Words to merge your list of keywords with your locations for local terms.
Use Keyword Eye to find the easiest keywords to grab from your competitors
Use Keyword Tool Dominator for more long tail keyword research.
When creating ads you should understand your audience and know your benefits.
Meet your visitors’ expectations – the landing page must match the ad.
Never stop testing until you have a CTR of 100%, a conversion rate of 100% and an infinite ROI.
Things to try testing:
Use the ‘rotate indefinitely’ setting, not ‘optimise for clicks’.
Don’t test many things at once, or you won’t know which part of the ad worked.
Don’t just look at CTR. Look at Analytics and your conversion data to choose the best converting ad.
Instead of thinking of ad as headlines, description lines and display URLs, think of the emotional and functional components. For example ‘summer’ conjures images in head which influences the searcher – it’s an emotional component. Information like offers and pricing are functional.
Look at tokens rather than keywords. For example ‘mens hiking backpacks’ is 3 tokens. See which tokens are the most popular in your SQRs and use them in creative testing.
Don’t just test ads with dynamic keyword insertion against ads without – also test changes to the static part of the DKI.
Use a t-test tool to check your test is statistically significant.
Testing ads can temporarily affect quality score as the ad lacks history – don’t stop your tests too quickly, give it some time for the QS to go back to the normal level. The minimum time for testing is a week, but this is not recommended.
Have a Google+ page with over 100 followers and regular posts, so you can get on the Knowledge graph and dominate searchers for your brand.
Enhanced campaigns require a mind shift – how do we keep track of bid multipliers?
The new sitelinks can be scheduled, which is good for promotions.
Not everything is changing when campaigns are enhanced. The overall structure of an account will not change; keyword match types remain the same; Google Search, Search and Search Partners and GDN will still be separable.
In legacy campaigns opted into multiple devices, Google currently discounts mobile bids. This will not be the case for enhanced campaigns. When everyone is on enhanced, it’s likely many less experienced advertisers will neglect to add mobile bid adjustments and just use their full desktop bid – this means mobile CPC will probably rise.
Ad group level sitelinks are worth the hassle of setting up, but we think AdWords Editor should be able to cope with them at the end of July which will make them easier.
3 easy steps to prioritise your SEO:
1. List all the things you may have to deal with – look at the SEO periodic table for inspiration.
2. Analyse your site and market, rate each issue as green (not a problem), red (serious problems), yellow (things that could be improved).
Red and green issues are easy – you can ignore the green and must fix the red. The complicated thing is the yellow
3. Rate all the yellow on a 5 point scale by impact on results, time to complete, impact on resources.
You know you need to do the red issues first and can ignore the green – you just need to sort out the yellow ‘nice to haves’. If you rate by each factor then can order the tasks by what matters: for example if you don’t have much resource order tasks by how much resource they need.
In May 2012 (after the Penguin update) Google stopped saying “there’s almost nothing a competitor can do to harm your rankings” and started saying “Google works hard to prevent other webmasters from being able to harm your ranking” – so they are admitting negative SEO is possible.
SEO security audits should cover more than links: site architecture can cause problems too by making negative SEO against your site easier.
If you have indexable search results you could be indexed for any sketchy term with a page like yoursite.com/search/buy+Viagra.
To stop this on WordPress sites, add to robots.txt
Insecure plugins mean people could add links to your site
Being infected by malware can disrupt traffic, as people trying to visit your site will see malware warnings – here are instructions of how to fix this.
Site architecture can cause duplicate content, for example by having archived pages.
Check WhoRush to see who is hosted on the same IP as you – you don’t want to be in a bad neighbourhood.
Do link audits before you get any emails from Google. A weak link profile makes negative SEO easier. Use LinkRisk.
Watch your links to see if they suddenly disappear – as so many link removal requests are flying around, someone could request your links to be removed without you knowing.
Be suspicious if you suddenly get more links, spammier links or unusual anchor text. You can check what terms you get traffic for as well as crawling for links.
Strategise: don’t just think of what you want now but also what you want in the future. Think about where you want to be in 3 months.
Before you get started you will need keyword research, find major influencers and competitors in your field.
Outline your milestones, like launches and press release worthy things, so you can plan around them in advance.
Test keywords with paid search before putting resources into ranking for them organically – then you will know if those keywords’ traffic actually converts. Have your SEO focus on onsite improvements while this testing happens.
Log investment by activity, then link this to Google Analytics data to see if it’s successful. But allow for production time and Google crawl delays.
Rate whether tasks will have high or low impact on your goals, and how much effort they will take. Prioritise tasks that are high impact and low effort, then those that are high impact and high effort.
Remember some tasks need to be done in the correct sequence: for example you may need a new CMS before you can rewrite page titles.
Use the ‘brussel sprout’ method – pick the task you want to do least, and do it first to get it out of the way.
Julia warned that if you think a plugins fixes all the issues, it probably doesn’t.
Beware of malicious plugins pretending to be popular plugins – check the number of downloads.
Mikkel said people will make plugins that start out clean, so they can get in the directory and get downloads, but then they add dodgy stuff like backlink functions as an update. Crawl your site for links you didn’t put there.
Close your dev server from indexing, but make sure your site is indexable when it’s put live.
Make a timeline for upgrading – give campaigns difficulty levels based on thier budget, volume and settings.
Don’t start a new campaign structure at the same time as upgrading to enhanced campaigns – you won’t be able to tell which caused changes in performance.
Use a script to keep track of account level quality score.
“I’ve never seen the upgrade of an account go completely right” so keep an eye on things after upgrading.
Remember that bid modifiers stack – you could get 8 times your original bid if you have 3 adjustments of 100%.
People don’t care what device they use. Their context, not their device, is key – who are they, what are they doing, where are they. Is the person ‘in’ or ‘out’? To let us get to this context Google have given us bid multipliers.
While Google continue to give examples for pizzerias, you can still apply the idea to B2B. If you want to target office workers then the keyword is starting point, the time of day suggests whether they are at work or home, and being on a mobile suggests that they might be commuting. But be aware some people may work late, or be at work while on their mobile.
Alistair predicts that more features will become multipliers. For example remarketing lists for search could become a multiplier, so you can bid down or up if someone has previously visited your site.
5% of the US works in a call centre – that’s twice the number of people who work in food production.
Search is driving tens of billions of calls, and it’s growing.
Calls have a 30-50% conversion rate, compared to a 1-3% conversion rate from clicks. They also have a larger average order value. This means companies are willing to pay for high-quality inbound calls.
Use call tracking to find out what keyword drove a call, to keep track of lead quality and to get true ROI.
PC search is not the same as mobile search: mobile is an ‘act’ platform. Use action metrics rather than just traffic.
Be upfront with your contact info in your mobile ads – smartphones are used to find & contact businesses.
Understand what people need and want so you can identify what content to create.
Map keywords and content to the customer lifecycle. Don’t just focus on the last stage where the customer makes their decision: know what success looks like across all stages.
Split keywords into tiered silos (the top tier being head terms and the lower tiers being more long tail). Then look at the top keywords for each silo, see how your site is doing for them and if you have pages that cover them.
When looking at keywords’ performance in Analytics, use landing page as a secondary dimension – poor performance may be because of a problem with the page rather than because the keyword is bad.
Use Tableau to visualise data for easier analysis.
When looking at the Adwords Keyword Tool, don’t exclude keywords because of high CPC or high competition. These are likely to be keywords near the end of the customer lifecycle.
Check the local search trends – some terms may have a low average search volume but have high volumes in a few months.
Categorisation keywords by
Just one keyword on its own isn’t useful. Use indices to group them.
Collect all the data you can – from Analytics, rankings, anything you can think of – then put it in an Excel spreadsheet, label the keywords with their categories and use pivot tables to look at those categories.
Report for your clients, not for yourself.
Make sure you know about your client’s media buys and other advertising in advance, so you can rank for their slogans.
If you see ‘*’ in your keywords on Analytics, it’s from product listing ads. You can see the SQR for PLAs in AdWords but not Analytics.
You want to know the extreme successes or extreme failures – filter to show keywords with more than 5 visits and more than 5% conversion rate (or whatever a good conversion rate is for you).
Look at your data over time – see seasonal trends.
Keywords get around 10% of the traffic that Wordtracker predicts.
Don’t just look at bounce rate, look at it along with time on site and pages viewed.
Why remarket? You’ve got a targeted audience: you know they’re already interested and they’re closer to converting. They are 70% more likely to concert according to Criteo.
According to Periscopix, the average CPC for remarketing is £0.40, and the average CTR is 0.18%.
To use Analytics remarketing you will need to change your Analytics code. But this modified code will be blocked by ad blocking software. Andre Scholten has instructions to avoid this. (Around 2% of users have ad blocking, although there are no firm numbers and the percentage will vary by industry – you have to judge for yourself whether implementing a workaround is worth it.)
Ideas for how to split up remarketing audiences:
Tailor your ads to the remarketing audience. Use branding, as your audience already know your brand. Give an incentive to come back to your site.
Always make sure you use frequency settings! Don’t spam people too much or it will work against you. Check your reach and frequency report to see where conversions drop off, so you know how to set your frequency cap.
Ideally you want at least 500 users in you remarketing list, but you can use 100 as a compromise.
Behavioural targeting means delivering ads based on observed online behaviour.
Retargeting is the most popular version – advertising to people who have already visited your site.
Search retargeting allows you to advertise to users who didn’t necessarily visit your site, based on their search behaviour on third party sites. Data exchanges collect data from sites and make it available for people to target elsewhere.
Anders gave a case study of French automotive accessory seller Oreca-store.com. They used IgnitionOne to remarket across lots of display networks, with banners personalised based on which parts of the site they spent time in.
While Google dominates in search, there are other networks for display advertising like Bing, Yahoo and Facebook.
Since end of last year, you can remarket on Facebook.
You need to deduplicate conversions, otherwise you could attribute the same conversion twice to different sources. They have a mixed attribution model that’s mostly last click but prioritises PPC and social media.
This was a questions and answers session with Ann Stanley, Christine Churchill (president of KeyRelevance, @keyrelevance), Andy Atkins-Kruger and Mikkel deMib Svendsen.
On enhanced campaigns: Ann is still hoping Google will allow mobile-only campaigns. Andy thinks they won’t as they need more money from mobile to please stockholders.
On graph search: Andy likes that Facebook are approaching search a different way to Google. Christine says the problem is that Facebook has rubbish search.
Mikkel: “I don’t like my dentist. I don’t like my bank.” Facebook doesn’t have the data to properly recommend services based on his usage.
On Bing: Microsoft have the advantage that Office is now SAAS – that should provide them with a wealth of data.
Christine and Ann agree that Bing Ads has cheap CPCs, so they do advertise there, but it is limited by having a small market share in the UK.
Andy says Bing seems to be focussing on the US market. Yandex have said they won’t go to the US as there’s no point. Would Bing be better off concentrating on other countries?
On schema: Andy says you should mark up the things that make a difference. Don’t mark up everything.
Mikkel remembers when metadata was used as a ranking factor – it stopped being a ranking factor as most sites didn’t have it or did it wrong. Now we’re bringing in schema, which is far more complicated – even fewer sites will be able to do it right. He says “it’s doomed.”
On (not provided): Christine says you can get the search terms from Webmaster Tools, and then you can roughly fit them to the (not provided) searches in Analytics based on landing pages.
There is debate on the accuracy of Webmaster Tools data – Mikkel is sceptical. Andy says you can get good data if you “work the filters to death”. Ann says you’ve got to regard WMT data as a sample, and look at trends.